Smiles of a Summer Night
Director: Ingmar Bergman
Duration: 108 min
Thursday 1 December 2016
Venue: Cinema Cottage London
Only for club members and a companion (with advance booking)
کارگاه كلبه سينما برگزار مي كند:
نمایش و نقد فيلم سينمایی درخشش (شاینینگ)
کارگردان: استنلی کوبریک
پنجشنبه 1 دسامبر2016
مدت: 108 دقیقه
مكان: كلبه سينما
مختص اعضای کلوپ. اعضا می توانند یک همراه داشته باشند ولی لازم است از قبل اعلام کنند.
درخشش یا تلألو (به انگلیسی: The Shining) فیلمی در سبک ترسناک روانشناسانه محصول آمریکا و بریتانیا به کارگردانی و تهیهکنندگی استنلی کوبریک است که در سال ۱۹۸۰ منتشر شد. فیلمنامه این کار را کوبریک و دایان جانسون، رماننویس زاده آمریکا نوشتند. در این فیلم هنرپیشگانی همچون جک نیکلسون، شلی دووال و دنی لوید به ایفای نقش پرداختهاند.
برداشتهای مکرر کوبریک در حین این فیلم یکی از ضرب المثلهای صنعت فیلمسازی شدهاست. او ۱۲۷ مرتبه از شلی دووال برای یکی از سکانسهای فیلم فیلمبرداری کرد. عصبیت شلی دووال در فیلم به خوبی مشهود است اسکتمن کراترز به نقش آشپز سیاه پوست هتل مجبور شد ۴۰ بار صحنه درگیری با تبر را بازی کند و نهایتاً دچار فروپاشی عصبی شده و با گریه به کوبریک گفت: «آقای کوبریک آخه چی از جونم میخواین؟»[نیازمند منبع] اما کوبریک سکانس خروج و فوران خون از درون آسانسور هتل اورلووک را تنها سه مرتبه تکرار کردو علت به سختی تکرار این صحنه باز میگشت که هر بار آماده کردن آن ۹ ساعت طول میکشید! اما کوبریک پس از تماشای سکانس میگفت: «نه شبیه خون واقعی نشد». نکته جالب در مورد این صحنه این بود که اداره سانسور انگلستان از وفور این همه خون در یک سکانس به تنگ آمده و درجه فیلم را فقط برای بزرگسالان اعلام نموده بود اما گویا کوبریک با زیرکی آنها را قانع کرد که این مایع لزج، خون نبوده بلکه «فاضلاب» است. بازیگر نقش بچه فیلم تا ۱۲ سالگی نفهمید که در فیلمی ترسناک بازی کردهاست.[نیازمند منبع] در صورتی که در ۷ سالگی این نقش را بازی کرده بود. کوبریک حس مسئولیت شدیدی در این خصوص احساس میکرد و بدین لحاظ این امر را از کودک هنرمند پنهان نگاهداشت.
داستان فیلم (برگرفته از ویکی پدیا)
مرد نویسندهای به همراه همسر و فرزندش در هتلی به عنوان سرایدار اقامت میگزیند تا در طول فصل زمستان و در آرامش فضای هتل داستانش را به پایان برد اما دچار اختلالات روانی و عصبی شده و قصد نابودی همسر و فرزندش میکند…
About the film (from Wikipedia)
The Shining is a 1980 British-American psychological horror film produced and directed by Stanley Kubrick, co-written with novelist Diane Johnson, and starring Jack Nicholson, Shelley Duvall, Danny Lloyd, and Scatman Crothers. The film is based on Stephen King‘s 1977 novel The Shining.
The initial European release of The Shining was 25 minutes shorter than the American version, achieved by removing most of the scenes taking place outside the environs of the hotel. Unlike Kubrick’s previous works, which developed audiences gradually through word-of-mouth, The Shining was released as a mass-market film, initially opening in two cities on Memorial Day, then nationwide a month later. Although contemporary responses from critics were mixed, assessment became more favorable in following decades, and it is now widely regarded as one of the greatest horror films ever made. American director Martin Scorseseranked it one of the 11 scariest horror movies of all time. Critics, scholars, and crew members (such as Kubrick’s producer Jan Harlan) have discussed the film’s enormous influence on popular culture.
Jack Torrance (Jack Nicholson) arrives at the mountain-isolated Overlook Hotel, which is 25 miles from the closest town, to be interviewed for the position of winter caretaker. Once hired, Jack plans to use the hotel’s solitude to write. The hotel, built on the site of a Native American burial ground, becomes snowed-in during the winter; it is closed from October to May. Manager Stuart Ullman (Barry Nelson) warns Jack that a previous caretaker, Charles Grady, developed cabin fever and killed his family and himself. In Boulder, Jack’s son, Danny Torrance (Danny Lloyd), has a terrifying premonition about the hotel, viewing a cascade of blood emerging from an elevator door, and then falls into a trance. Jack’s wife, Wendy (Shelley Duvall), tells a doctor (Anne Jackson) that Danny has an imaginary friend named Tony, and that Jack has given up drinking because he dislocated Danny’s shoulder following a binge.
The family arrives at the hotel on closing day and is given a tour. The chef, Dick Hallorann (Scatman Crothers), surprises Danny by telepathically offering him ice cream. Dick explains to Danny that he and his grandmother shared this telepathic ability, which he calls “shining”. Danny asks if there is anything to be afraid of in the hotel, particularly room 237. Hallorann tells Danny that the hotel has a “shine” to it along with many memories, not all of which are good. He also tells Danny to stay away from Room 237.
A month passes; while Jack’s writing goes nowhere, Danny and Wendy explore the hotel’s hedge maze, and Hallorann goes to Florida. Wendy learns that the phone lines are out due to the heavy snowfall, and Danny has frightening visions. Jack, increasingly frustrated, starts behaving strangely and becomes prone to violent outbursts. Danny’s curiosity about room 237 overcomes him when he sees the room’s door open. Later, Wendy finds Jack screaming during a nightmare while asleep at his typewriter. After she awakens him, Jack says he dreamed that he killed her and Danny. Danny arrives with a bruise on his neck and traumatized, causing Wendy to accuse Jack of abusing him. Jack wanders into the hotel’s Gold Room and meets a ghostly bartender named Lloyd (Joe Turkel). Lloyd serves him whiskey while Jack complains about his marriage. Wendy later tells Jack that Danny told her a “crazy woman in one of the rooms” attempted to strangle him. Jack investigates room 237, encountering the ghost of a dead woman, but tells Wendy that he saw nothing. Wendy and Jack argue over whether Danny should be removed from the hotel and a furious Jack returns to the Gold Room, now filled with ghosts attending a ball. He meets the ghost of Grady (Philip Stone) who tells Jack that he must “correct” his wife and child and that Danny has reached out to Hallorann using his “talent”. Meanwhile, Hallorann grows concerned about what’s going on at the hotel and flies back to Colorado. Danny starts calling out “redrum” and goes into a trance, referring to himself as “Tony”.
While searching for Jack, Wendy discovers he has been typing pages of a repetitive manuscript: “all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy“. She begs Jack to leave the hotel with Danny, but he threatens her before she knocks him unconscious with a baseball bat. She drags him into the kitchen and locks him in the pantry, but she and Danny are both trapped at the hotel: Jack has disabled the hotel’s two-way radio and snowcat. Later, Jack converses through the pantry door with Grady, who unlocks the door.
Danny writes “REDRUM” on the outside of the bathroom door in the family’s living quarters. When Wendy sees the word reversed in the bedroom mirror, the word is revealed to be “MURDER”. Jack begins hacking through the quarters’ main door with a firefighter’s axe. Wendy sends Danny through the bathroom window, but it will not open sufficiently for her to pass. Jack breaks through the bathroom door, shouting “Here’s Johnny!”, but retreats after Wendy slashes his hand with a butcher’s knife. Hearing the engine of the snowcat Hallorann borrowed to reach the hotel, Jack leaves the room. He kills Hallorann with the axe in the lobby and pursues Danny into the hedge maze. Wendy runs through the hotel looking for Danny, encountering ghosts and the cascade of blood Danny envisioned in Boulder. She also finds Hallorann’s body lying in the lobby. Danny lays a false trail to mislead Jack, who is following his footprints, before hiding behind a drift. Danny escapes from the maze and reunites with Wendy; they flee in Hallorann’s snowcat, leaving Jack to freeze to death in the maze. In a photograph in the hotel hallway dated July 4, 1921, Jack Torrance smiles amid a crowd of party revelers.
More insight here
- Jack Nicholson as Jack Torrance
- Shelley Duvall as Wendy Torrance
- Danny Lloyd as Danny Torrance and the voice of Tony
- Scatman Crothers as Dick Hallorann
- Barry Nelson as Stuart Ullman
- Philip Stone as Delbert Grady
- Joe Turkel as Lloyd
- Tony Burton as Larry Durkin
- Lia Beldam as Young Woman In Bath
- Billie Gibson as Old Woman In Bath
- Barry Dennen as Bill Watson
- Lisa Burns as Grady Daughter #1
- Louise Burns as Grady Daughter #2
- Anne Jackson as Doctor
In the shorter European cut, all of the scenes involving Jackson and Burton are cut (although their names still appear in the credits). Dennen is on-screen in both versions of the film, albeit to a limited degree (and with no dialogue) in the shorter cut.
The actresses who played the ghosts of the murdered Grady daughters, Lisa and Louise Burns, are identical twins; however, the characters in the book and film script are merely sisters, not twins. In the film’s dialogue, Mr. Ullman identifies them as “about eight and ten.” Nonetheless, they are frequently referred to in discussions about the film as “the Grady twins.”
The resemblance in the staging of the Grady girls and the “Twins” photograph by Diane Arbus has been noted both by Arbus’ biographer, Patricia Bosworth, and by numerous Kubrick critics. Although Kubrick both met Arbus personally and studied photography under her during his youthful days as photographer for Look magazine, Kubrick’s widow says he did not deliberately model the Grady girls on Arbus’ photograph, in spite of widespread attention to the resemblance.
برخی نقدهای منتشر شده:
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YouTube link to the film trailer: